Senior tribesmen of Israel. The elders performed tasks of local government and justice throughout the biblical period. Aspects of their function and historical importance can be seen in (Exod 18:13-17; Exod 24:1-11; Num 11:16-30; Judg 21:16-24; and 1Sam 8:1-9). In the NT, elders were either important Jewish leaders (Matt 15:2; Mark 14:43; Luke 7:3; Acts 4:8) or leaders in the nascent Christian communities (Acts 15:2; Acts 21:18; Titus 1:5; Jas 5:14; 1Pet 5:1), although the word can also mean simply an elderly person (1Tim 5:1; perhaps (1Pet 5:5).

Exod 18:13-17

13The next day Moses sat as judge for the people, while the people stood around him from morning until evening.14When Moses' father-in-law saw all that he was d ... View more

Exod 24:1-11

The Blood of the Covenant
1Then he said to Moses, “Come up to the Lord, you and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship at a d ... View more

Num 11:16-30

The Seventy Elders
16So the Lord said to Moses, “Gather for me seventy of the elders of Israel, whom you know to be the elders of the people and officers over t ... View more

Judg 21:16-24

16So the elders of the congregation said, “What shall we do for wives for those who are left, since there are no women left in Benjamin?”17And they said, “There ... View more

1Sam 8:1-9

Israel Demands a King
1When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel.2The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; ... View more

Matt 15:2

2“Why do your disciples break the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands before they eat.”

Mark 14:43

The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
43Immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived; and with him there was a crowd with swords and c ... View more

Luke 7:3

3When he heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish elders to him, asking him to come and heal his slave.

Acts 4:8

8Then Peter, filled with the Holy Spirit, said to them, “Rulers of the people and elders,

Acts 15:2

2And after Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and debate with them, Paul and Barnabas and some of the others were appointed to go up to Jerusalem to disc ... View more

Acts 21:18

18The next day Paul went with us to visit James; and all the elders were present.

Titus 1:5

Titus in Crete
5I left you behind in Crete for this reason, so that you should put in order what remained to be done, and should appoint elders in every town, a ... View more

Jas 5:14

14Are any among you sick? They should call for the elders of the church and have them pray over them, anointing them with oil in the name of the Lord.

1Pet 5:1

Tending the Flock of God
1Now as an elder myself and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, as well as one who shares in the glory to be revealed, I exhort the ... View more

1Tim 5:1

Duties toward Believers
1Do not speak harshly to an older man, but speak to him as to a father, to younger men as brothers,

1Pet 5:5

5In the same way, you who are younger must accept the authority of the elders. And all of you must clothe yourselves with humility in your dealings with one ano ... View more

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