To cover the body or an object with oil or ointment. In the ancient Near East, it was a sign of luxury or festivity to anoint oneself with aromatic oils, usually after bathing. Anointing was also a means of investing someone with power, such as the anointment of King Solomon upon his ascent to the throne (1Kgs 1:39
; 1Sam 24:6
). It could also signify the consecration of someone or something for a holy purpose (Gen 28:18
). The Hebrew term mashiah, “Messiah,” and the Greek term christos, “Christ,” both mean “anointed one” and were used to signify the king who would rule at the end time.
39There the priest Zadok took the horn of oil from the tent and anointed Solomon. Then they blew the trumpet, and all the people said, “Long live King Solomon!”
6He said to his men, “The Lord forbid that I should do this thing to my lord, the Lord's anointed, to raise my hand against him; for he is the Lord's anointed.”
18So Jacob rose early in the morning, and he took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up for a pillar and poured oil on the top of it.