Num 26:1-36:13

A Census of the New Generation 1After the plague the Lord said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron the priest,2“Take a census of the whole congregation of the Israelites, from twenty years old and upward, by their ancestral houses, everyone in Israel able to go to war.”3Moses and Eleazar the priest spoke with them in the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho, saying,4“Take a census of the people, from twenty years old and upward,” as the Lord commanded Moses. The Israelites, who came out of the land of Egypt, were:5Reuben, the firstborn of Israel. The descendants of Reuben: of Hanoch, the clan of the Hanochites; of Pallu, the clan of the Palluites;6of Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; of Carmi, the clan of the Carmites.7These are the clans of the Reubenites; the number of those enrolled was forty-three thousand seven hundred thirty.8And the descendants of Pallu: Eliab.9The descendants of Eliab: Nemuel, Dathan, and Abiram. These are the same Dathan and Abiram, chosen from the congregation, who rebelled against Moses and Aaron in the company of Korah, when they rebelled against the Lord,10and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed them up along with Korah, when that company died, when the fire devoured two hundred fifty men; and they became a warning.11Notwithstanding, the sons of Korah did not die.12The descendants of Simeon by their clans: of Nemuel, the clan of the Nemuelites; of Jamin, the clan of the Jaminites; of Jachin, the clan of the Jachinites;13of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites; of Shaul, the clan of the Shaulites.14These are the clans of the Simeonites, twenty-two thousand two hundred.15The children of Gad by their clans: of Zephon, the clan of the Zephonites; of Haggi, the clan of the Haggites; of Shuni, the clan of the Shunites;16of Ozni, the clan of the Oznites; of Eri, the clan of the Erites;17of Arod, the clan of the Arodites; of Areli, the clan of the Arelites.18These are the clans of the Gadites: the number of those enrolled was forty thousand five hundred.19The sons of Judah: Er and Onan; Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan.20The descendants of Judah by their clans were: of Shelah, the clan of the Shelanites; of Perez, the clan of the Perezites; of Zerah, the clan of the Zerahites.21The descendants of Perez were: of Hezron, the clan of the Hezronites; of Hamul, the clan of the Hamulites.22These are the clans of Judah: the number of those enrolled was seventy-six thousand five hundred.23The descendants of Issachar by their clans: of Tola, the clan of the Tolaites; of Puvah, the clan of the Punites;24of Jashub, the clan of the Jashubites; of Shimron, the clan of the Shimronites.25These are the clans of Issachar: sixty-four thousand three hundred enrolled.26The descendants of Zebulun by their clans: of Sered, the clan of the Seredites; of Elon, the clan of the Elonites; of Jahleel, the clan of the Jahleelites.27These are the clans of the Zebulunites; the number of those enrolled was sixty thousand five hundred.28The sons of Joseph by their clans: Manasseh and Ephraim.29The descendants of Manasseh: of Machir, the clan of the Machirites; and Machir was the father of Gilead; of Gilead, the clan of the Gileadites.30These are the descendants of Gilead: of Iezer, the clan of the Iezerites; of Helek, the clan of the Helekites;31and of Asriel, the clan of the Asrielites; and of Shechem, the clan of the Shechemites;32and of Shemida, the clan of the Shemidaites; and of Hepher, the clan of the Hepherites.33Now Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.34These are the clans of Manasseh; the number of those enrolled was fifty-two thousand seven hundred.35These are the descendants of Ephraim according to their clans: of Shuthelah, the clan of the Shuthelahites; of Becher, the clan of the Becherites; of Tahan, the clan of the Tahanites.36And these are the descendants of Shuthelah: of Eran, the clan of the Eranites.37These are the clans of the Ephraimites: the number of those enrolled was thirty-two thousand five hundred. These are the descendants of Joseph by their clans.38The descendants of Benjamin by their clans: of Bela, the clan of the Belaites; of Ashbel, the clan of the Ashbelites; of Ahiram, the clan of the Ahiramites;39of Shephupham, the clan of the Shuphamites; of Hupham, the clan of the Huphamites.40And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the clan of the Ardites; of Naaman, the clan of the Naamites.41These are the descendants of Benjamin by their clans; the number of those enrolled was forty-five thousand six hundred.42These are the descendants of Dan by their clans: of Shuham, the clan of the Shuhamites. These are the clans of Dan by their clans.43All the clans of the Shuhamites: sixty-four thousand four hundred enrolled.44The descendants of Asher by their families: of Imnah, the clan of the Imnites; of Ishvi, the clan of the Ishvites; of Beriah, the clan of the Beriites.45Of the descendants of Beriah: of Heber, the clan of the Heberites; of Malchiel, the clan of the Malchielites.46And the name of the daughter of Asher was Serah.47These are the clans of the Asherites: the number of those enrolled was fifty-three thousand four hundred.48The descendants of Naphtali by their clans: of Jahzeel, the clan of the Jahzeelites; of Guni, the clan of the Gunites;49of Jezer, the clan of the Jezerites; of Shillem, the clan of the Shillemites.50These are the Naphtalites by their clans: the number of those enrolled was forty-five thousand four hundred.51This was the number of the Israelites enrolled: six hundred and one thousand seven hundred thirty.52The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:53To these the land shall be apportioned for inheritance according to the number of names.54To a large tribe you shall give a large inheritance, and to a small tribe you shall give a small inheritance; every tribe shall be given its inheritance according to its enrollment.55But the land shall be apportioned by lot; according to the names of their ancestral tribes they shall inherit.56Their inheritance shall be apportioned according to lot between the larger and the smaller.57This is the enrollment of the Levites by their clans: of Gershon, the clan of the Gershonites; of Kohath, the clan of the Kohathites; of Merari, the clan of the Merarites.58These are the clans of Levi: the clan of the Libnites, the clan of the Hebronites, the clan of the Mahlites, the clan of the Mushites, the clan of the Korahites. Now Kohath was the father of Amram.59The name of Amram's wife was Jochebed daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt; and she bore to Amram: Aaron, Moses, and their sister Miriam.60To Aaron were born Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.61But Nadab and Abihu died when they offered illicit fire before the Lord.62The number of those enrolled was twenty-three thousand, every male one month old and up; for they were not enrolled among the Israelites because there was no allotment given to them among the Israelites.63These were those enrolled by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who enrolled the Israelites in the plains of Moab by the Jordan opposite Jericho.64Among these there was not one of those enrolled by Moses and Aaron the priest, who had enrolled the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai.65For the Lord had said of them, “They shall die in the wilderness.” Not one of them was left, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.Chapter 27The Daughters of Zelophehad 1Then the daughters of Zelophehad came forward. Zelophehad was son of Hepher son of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh son of Joseph, a member of the Manassite clans. The names of his daughters were: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah.2They stood before Moses, Eleazar the priest, the leaders, and all the congregation, at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and they said,3“Our father died in the wilderness; he was not among the company of those who gathered themselves together against the Lord in the company of Korah, but died for his own sin; and he had no sons.4Why should the name of our father be taken away from his clan because he had no son? Give to us a possession among our father's brothers.”5Moses brought their case before the Lord.6And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:7The daughters of Zelophehad are right in what they are saying; you shall indeed let them possess an inheritance among their father's brothers and pass the inheritance of their father on to them.8You shall also say to the Israelites, “If a man dies, and has no son, then you shall pass his inheritance on to his daughter.9If he has no daughter, then you shall give his inheritance to his brothers.10If he has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to his father's brothers.11And if his father has no brothers, then you shall give his inheritance to the nearest kinsman of his clan, and he shall possess it. It shall be for the Israelites a statute and ordinance, as the Lord commanded Moses.”Joshua Appointed Moses' Successor 12The Lord said to Moses, “Go up this mountain of the Abarim range, and see the land that I have given to the Israelites.13When you have seen it, you also shall be gathered to your people, as your brother Aaron was,14because you rebelled against my word in the wilderness of Zin when the congregation quarreled with me. You did not show my holiness before their eyes at the waters.” (These are the waters of Meribath-kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.)15Moses spoke to the Lord, saying,16“Let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh, appoint someone over the congregation17who shall go out before them and come in before them, who shall lead them out and bring them in, so that the congregation of the Lord may not be like sheep without a shepherd.”18So the Lord said to Moses, “Take Joshua son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay your hand upon him;19have him stand before Eleazar the priest and all the congregation, and commission him in their sight.20You shall give him some of your authority, so that all the congregation of the Israelites may obey.21But he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall inquire for him by the decision of the Urim before the Lord; at his word they shall go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he and all the Israelites with him, the whole congregation.”22So Moses did as the Lord commanded him. He took Joshua and had him stand before Eleazar the priest and the whole congregation;23he laid his hands on him and commissioned him—as the Lord had directed through Moses.Chapter 28Daily Offerings 1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites, and say to them: My offering, the food for my offerings by fire, my pleasing odor, you shall take care to offer to me at its appointed time.3And you shall say to them, This is the offering by fire that you shall offer to the Lord: two male lambs a year old without blemish, daily, as a regular offering.4One lamb you shall offer in the morning, and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight5also one-tenth of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with one-fourth of a hin of beaten oil.6It is a regular burnt offering, ordained at Mount Sinai for a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord.7Its drink offering shall be one-fourth of a hin for each lamb; in the sanctuary you shall pour out a drink offering of strong drink to the Lord.8The other lamb you shall offer at twilight with a grain offering and a drink offering like the one in the morning; you shall offer it as an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord.Sabbath Offerings 9On the sabbath day: two male lambs a year old without blemish, and two-tenths of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, and its drink offering—10this is the burnt offering for every sabbath, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.Monthly Offerings 11At the beginnings of your months you shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish;12also three-tenths of an ephah of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull; and two-tenths of choice flour for a grain offering, mixed with oil, for the one ram;13and one-tenth of choice flour mixed with oil as a grain offering for every lamb—a burnt offering of pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord.14Their drink offerings shall be half a hin of wine for a bull, one-third of a hin for a ram, and one-fourth of a hin for a lamb. This is the burnt offering of every month throughout the months of the year.15And there shall be one male goat for a sin offering to the Lord; it shall be offered in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.Offerings at Passover 16On the fourteenth day of the first month there shall be a passover offering to the Lord.17And on the fifteenth day of this month is a festival; seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.18On the first day there shall be a holy convocation. You shall not work at your occupations.19You shall offer an offering by fire, a burnt offering to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, and seven male lambs a year old; see that they are without blemish.20Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil: three-tenths of an ephah shall you offer for a bull, and two-tenths for a ram;21one-tenth shall you offer for each of the seven lambs;22also one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.23You shall offer these in addition to the burnt offering of the morning, which belongs to the regular burnt offering.24In the same way you shall offer daily, for seven days, the food of an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord; it shall be offered in addition to the regular burnt offering and its drink offering.25And on the seventh day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations.Offerings at the Festival of Weeks 26On the day of the first fruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your festival of weeks, you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations.27You shall offer a burnt offering, a pleasing odor to the Lord: two young bulls, one ram, seven male lambs a year old.28Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ephah for each bull, two-tenths for one ram,29one-tenth for each of the seven lambs;30with one male goat, to make atonement for you.31In addition to the regular burnt offering with its grain offering, you shall offer them and their drink offering. They shall be without blemish.Chapter 29Offerings at the Festival of Trumpets 1On the first day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations. It is a day for you to blow the trumpets,2and you shall offer a burnt offering, a pleasing odor to the Lord: one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish.3Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of one ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the ram,4and one-tenth for each of the seven lambs;5with one male goat for a sin offering, to make atonement for you.6These are in addition to the burnt offering of the new moon and its grain offering, and the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings, according to the ordinance for them, a pleasing odor, an offering by fire to the Lord.Offerings on the Day of Atonement 7On the tenth day of this seventh month you shall have a holy convocation, and deny yourselves; you shall do no work.8You shall offer a burnt offering to the Lord, a pleasing odor: one young bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old. They shall be without blemish.9Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ephah for the bull, two-tenths for the one ram,10one-tenth for each of the seven lambs;11with one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the sin offering of atonement, and the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings.Offerings at the Festival of Booths 12On the fifteenth day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not work at your occupations. You shall celebrate a festival to the Lord seven days.13You shall offer a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord: thirteen young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old. They shall be without blemish.14Their grain offering shall be of choice flour mixed with oil, three-tenths of an ephah for each of the thirteen bulls, two-tenths for each of the two rams,15and one-tenth for each of the fourteen lambs;16also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering.17On the second day: twelve young bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,18with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;19also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, and their drink offerings.20On the third day: eleven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,21with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;22also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering.23On the fourth day: ten bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,24with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;25also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering and its drink offering.26On the fifth day: nine bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,27with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;28also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering.29On the sixth day: eight bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,30with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;31also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offerings.32On the seventh day: seven bulls, two rams, fourteen male lambs a year old without blemish,33with the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bulls, for the rams, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;34also one male goat for a sin offering, besides the regular burnt offering, its grain offering, and its drink offering.35On the eighth day you shall have a solemn assembly; you shall not work at your occupations.36You shall offer a burnt offering, an offering by fire, a pleasing odor to the Lord: one bull, one ram, seven male lambs a year old without blemish,37and the grain offering and the drink offerings for the bull, for the ram, and for the lambs, as prescribed in accordance with their number;38also one male goat for a sin offering, in addition to the regular burnt offering and its grain offering and its drink offering.39These you shall offer to the Lord at your appointed festivals, in addition to your votive offerings and your freewill offerings, as your burnt offerings, your grain offerings, your drink offerings, and your offerings of well-being.40 So Moses told the Israelites everything just as the Lord had commanded Moses.Chapter 30Vows Made by Women 1Then Moses said to the heads of the tribes of the Israelites: This is what the Lord has commanded.2When a man makes a vow to the Lord, or swears an oath to bind himself by a pledge, he shall not break his word; he shall do according to all that proceeds out of his mouth.3When a woman makes a vow to the Lord, or binds herself by a pledge, while within her father's house, in her youth,4and her father hears of her vow or her pledge by which she has bound herself, and says nothing to her; then all her vows shall stand, and any pledge by which she has bound herself shall stand.5But if her father expresses disapproval to her at the time that he hears of it, no vow of hers, and no pledge by which she has bound herself, shall stand; and the Lord will forgive her, because her father had expressed to her his disapproval.6If she marries, while obligated by her vows or any thoughtless utterance of her lips by which she has bound herself,7and her husband hears of it and says nothing to her at the time that he hears, then her vows shall stand, and her pledges by which she has bound herself shall stand.8But if, at the time that her husband hears of it, he expresses disapproval to her, then he shall nullify the vow by which she was obligated, or the thoughtless utterance of her lips, by which she bound herself; and the Lord will forgive her.9(But every vow of a widow or of a divorced woman, by which she has bound herself, shall be binding upon her.)10And if she made a vow in her husband's house, or bound herself by a pledge with an oath,11and her husband heard it and said nothing to her, and did not express disapproval to her, then all her vows shall stand, and any pledge by which she bound herself shall stand.12But if her husband nullifies them at the time that he hears them, then whatever proceeds out of her lips concerning her vows, or concerning her pledge of herself, shall not stand. Her husband has nullified them, and the Lord will forgive her.13Any vow or any binding oath to deny herself, her husband may allow to stand, or her husband may nullify.14But if her husband says nothing to her from day to day, then he validates all her vows, or all her pledges, by which she is obligated; he has validated them, because he said nothing to her at the time that he heard of them.15But if he nullifies them some time after he has heard of them, then he shall bear her guilt.16These are the statutes that the Lord commanded Moses concerning a husband and his wife, and a father and his daughter while she is still young and in her father's house.Chapter 31War against Midian 1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,2“Avenge the Israelites on the Midianites; afterward you shall be gathered to your people.”3So Moses said to the people, “Arm some of your number for the war, so that they may go against Midian, to execute the Lord's vengeance on Midian.4You shall send a thousand from each of the tribes of Israel to the war.”5So out of the thousands of Israel, a thousand from each tribe were conscripted, twelve thousand armed for battle.6Moses sent them to the war, a thousand from each tribe, along with Phinehas son of Eleazar the priest, with the vessels of the sanctuary and the trumpets for sounding the alarm in his hand.7They did battle against Midian, as the Lord had commanded Moses, and killed every male.8They killed the kings of Midian: Evi, Rekem, Zur, Hur, and Reba, the five kings of Midian, in addition to others who were slain by them; and they also killed Balaam son of Beor with the sword.9The Israelites took the women of Midian and their little ones captive; and they took all their cattle, their flocks, and all their goods as booty.10All their towns where they had settled, and all their encampments, they burned,11but they took all the spoil and all the booty, both people and animals.12Then they brought the captives and the booty and the spoil to Moses, to Eleazar the priest, and to the congregation of the Israelites, at the camp on the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.Return from the War 13Moses, Eleazar the priest, and all the leaders of the congregation went to meet them outside the camp.14Moses became angry with the officers of the army, the commanders of thousands and the commanders of hundreds, who had come from service in the war.15Moses said to them, “Have you allowed all the women to live?16These women here, on Balaam's advice, made the Israelites act treacherously against the Lord in the affair of Peor, so that the plague came among the congregation of the Lord.17Now therefore, kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman who has known a man by sleeping with him.18But all the young girls who have not known a man by sleeping with him, keep alive for yourselves.19Camp outside the camp seven days; whoever of you has killed any person or touched a corpse, purify yourselves and your captives on the third and on the seventh day.20You shall purify every garment, every article of skin, everything made of goats' hair, and every article of wood.”21Eleazar the priest said to the troops who had gone to battle: “This is the statute of the law that the Lord has commanded Moses:22gold, silver, bronze, iron, tin, and lead—23everything that can withstand fire, shall be passed through fire, and it shall be clean. Nevertheless it shall also be purified with the water for purification; and whatever cannot withstand fire, shall be passed through the water.24You must wash your clothes on the seventh day, and you shall be clean; afterward you may come into the camp.”Disposition of Captives and Booty 25The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,26“You and Eleazar the priest and the heads of the ancestral houses of the congregation make an inventory of the booty captured, both human and animal.27Divide the booty into two parts, between the warriors who went out to battle and all the congregation.28From the share of the warriors who went out to battle, set aside as tribute for the Lord, one item out of every five hundred, whether persons, oxen, donkeys, sheep, or goats.29Take it from their half and give it to Eleazar the priest as an offering to the Lord.30But from the Israelites' half you shall take one out of every fifty, whether persons, oxen, donkeys, sheep, or goats—all the animals—and give them to the Levites who have charge of the tabernacle of the Lord.”31Then Moses and Eleazar the priest did as the Lord had commanded Moses:32The booty remaining from the spoil that the troops had taken totaled six hundred seventy-five thousand sheep,33seventy-two thousand oxen,34sixty-one thousand donkeys,35and thirty-two thousand persons in all, women who had not known a man by sleeping with him.36The half-share, the portion of those who had gone out to war, was in number three hundred thirty-seven thousand five hundred sheep and goats,37and the Lord's tribute of sheep and goats was six hundred seventy-five.38The oxen were thirty-six thousand, of which the Lord's tribute was seventy-two.39The donkeys were thirty thousand five hundred, of which the Lord's tribute was sixty-one.40The persons were sixteen thousand, of which the Lord's tribute was thirty-two persons.41Moses gave the tribute, the offering for the Lord, to Eleazar the priest, as the Lord had commanded Moses.42As for the Israelites' half, which Moses separated from that of the troops,43the congregation's half was three hundred thirty-seven thousand five hundred sheep and goats,44thirty-six thousand oxen,45thirty thousand five hundred donkeys,46and sixteen thousand persons.47From the Israelites' half Moses took one of every fifty, both of persons and of animals, and gave them to the Levites who had charge of the tabernacle of the Lord; as the Lord had commanded Moses.48Then the officers who were over the thousands of the army, the commanders of thousands and the commanders of hundreds, approached Moses,49and said to Moses, “Your servants have counted the warriors who are under our command, and not one of us is missing.50And we have brought the Lord's offering, what each of us found, articles of gold, armlets and bracelets, signet rings, earrings, and pendants, to make atonement for ourselves before the Lord.”51Moses and Eleazar the priest received the gold from them, all in the form of crafted articles.52And all the gold of the offering that they offered to the Lord, from the commanders of thousands and the commanders of hundreds, was sixteen thousand seven hundred fifty shekels.53(The troops had all taken plunder for themselves.)54So Moses and Eleazar the priest received the gold from the commanders of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tent of meeting as a memorial for the Israelites before the Lord.Chapter 32Conquest and Division of Transjordan 1Now the Reubenites and the Gadites owned a very great number of cattle. When they saw that the land of Jazer and the land of Gilead was a good place for cattle,2the Gadites and the Reubenites came and spoke to Moses, to Eleazar the priest, and to the leaders of the congregation, saying,3“Ataroth, Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, Nebo, and Beon—4the land that the Lord subdued before the congregation of Israel—is a land for cattle; and your servants have cattle.”5They continued, “If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants for a possession; do not make us cross the Jordan.”6But Moses said to the Gadites and to the Reubenites, “Shall your brothers go to war while you sit here?7Why will you discourage the hearts of the Israelites from going over into the land that the Lord has given them?8Your fathers did this, when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land.9When they went up to the Wadi Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the hearts of the Israelites from going into the land that the Lord had given them.10The Lord's anger was kindled on that day and he swore, saying,11‘Surely none of the people who came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land that I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they have not unreservedly followed me—12none except Caleb son of Jephunneh the Kenizzite and Joshua son of Nun, for they have unreservedly followed the Lord.’13And the Lord's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them wander in the wilderness for forty years, until all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the Lord had disappeared.14And now you, a brood of sinners, have risen in place of your fathers, to increase the Lord's fierce anger against Israel!15If you turn away from following him, he will again abandon them in the wilderness; and you will destroy all this people.”16Then they came up to him and said, “We will build sheepfolds here for our flocks, and towns for our little ones,17but we will take up arms as a vanguard before the Israelites, until we have brought them to their place. Meanwhile our little ones will stay in the fortified towns because of the inhabitants of the land.18We will not return to our homes until all the Israelites have obtained their inheritance.19We will not inherit with them on the other side of the Jordan and beyond, because our inheritance has come to us on this side of the Jordan to the east.”20So Moses said to them, “If you do this—if you take up arms to go before the Lord for the war,21and all those of you who bear arms cross the Jordan before the Lord, until he has driven out his enemies from before him22and the land is subdued before the Lord—then after that you may return and be free of obligation to the Lord and to Israel, and this land shall be your possession before the Lord.23But if you do not do this, you have sinned against the Lord; and be sure your sin will find you out.24Build towns for your little ones, and folds for your flocks; but do what you have promised.”25Then the Gadites and the Reubenites said to Moses, “Your servants will do as my lord commands.26Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and all our livestock shall remain there in the towns of Gilead;27but your servants will cross over, everyone armed for war, to do battle for the Lord, just as my lord orders.”28So Moses gave command concerning them to Eleazar the priest, to Joshua son of Nun, and to the heads of the ancestral houses of the Israelite tribes.29And Moses said to them, “If the Gadites and the Reubenites, everyone armed for battle before the Lord, will cross over the Jordan with you and the land shall be subdued before you, then you shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession;30but if they will not cross over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan.”31The Gadites and the Reubenites answered, “As the Lord has spoken to your servants, so we will do.32We will cross over armed before the Lord into the land of Canaan, but the possession of our inheritance shall remain with us on this side of the Jordan.”33Moses gave to them—to the Gadites and to the Reubenites and to the half-tribe of Manasseh son of Joseph—the kingdom of King Sihon of the Amorites and the kingdom of King Og of Bashan, the land and its towns, with the territories of the surrounding towns.34And the Gadites rebuilt Dibon, Ataroth, Aroer,35Atroth-shophan, Jazer, Jogbehah,36Beth-nimrah, and Beth-haran, fortified cities, and folds for sheep.37And the Reubenites rebuilt Heshbon, Elealeh, Kiriathaim,38Nebo, and Baal-meon (some names being changed), and Sibmah; and they gave names to the towns that they rebuilt.39The descendants of Machir son of Manasseh went to Gilead, captured it, and dispossessed the Amorites who were there;40so Moses gave Gilead to Machir son of Manasseh, and he settled there.41Jair son of Manasseh went and captured their villages, and renamed them Havvoth-jair.42And Nobah went and captured Kenath and its villages, and renamed it Nobah after himself.Chapter 33The Stages of Israel's Journey from Egypt 1These are the stages by which the Israelites went out of the land of Egypt in military formation under the leadership of Moses and Aaron.2Moses wrote down their starting points, stage by stage, by command of the Lord; and these are their stages according to their starting places.3They set out from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the day after the passover the Israelites went out boldly in the sight of all the Egyptians,4while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom the Lord had struck down among them. The Lord executed judgments even against their gods.5So the Israelites set out from Rameses, and camped at Succoth.6They set out from Succoth, and camped at Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness.7They set out from Etham, and turned back to Pi-hahiroth, which faces Baal-zephon; and they camped before Migdol.8They set out from Pi-hahiroth, passed through the sea into the wilderness, went a three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and camped at Marah.9They set out from Marah and came to Elim; at Elim there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there.10They set out from Elim and camped by the Red Sea.11They set out from the Red Sea and camped in the wilderness of Sin.12They set out from the wilderness of Sin and camped at Dophkah.13They set out from Dophkah and camped at Alush.14They set out from Alush and camped at Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.15They set out from Rephidim and camped in the wilderness of Sinai.16They set out from the wilderness of Sinai and camped at Kibroth-hattaavah.17They set out from Kibroth-hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth.18They set out from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah.19They set out from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez.20They set out from Rimmon-perez and camped at Libnah.21They set out from Libnah and camped at Rissah.22They set out from Rissah and camped at Kehelathah.23They set out from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher.24They set out from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah.25They set out from Haradah and camped at Makheloth.26They set out from Makheloth and camped at Tahath.27They set out from Tahath and camped at Terah.28They set out from Terah and camped at Mithkah.29They set out from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah.30They set out from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth.31They set out from Moseroth and camped at Bene-jaakan.32They set out from Bene-jaakan and camped at Hor-haggidgad.33They set out from Hor-haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah.34They set out from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah.35They set out from Abronah and camped at Ezion-geber.36They set out from Ezion-geber and camped in the wilderness of Zin (that is, Kadesh).37They set out from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor, on the edge of the land of Edom.38Aaron the priest went up Mount Hor at the command of the Lord and died there in the fortieth year after the Israelites had come out of the land of Egypt, on the first day of the fifth month.39Aaron was one hundred twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor.40The Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negeb in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the Israelites.41They set out from Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah.42They set out from Zalmonah and camped at Punon.43They set out from Punon and camped at Oboth.44They set out from Oboth and camped at Iye-abarim, in the territory of Moab.45They set out from Iyim and camped at Dibon-gad.46They set out from Dibon-gad and camped at Almon-diblathaim.47They set out from Almon-diblathaim and camped in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.48They set out from the mountains of Abarim and camped in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho;49they camped by the Jordan from Beth-jeshimoth as far as Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.Directions for the Conquest of Canaan 50In the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:51Speak to the Israelites, and say to them: When you cross over the Jordan into the land of Canaan,52you shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, destroy all their figured stones, destroy all their cast images, and demolish all their high places.53You shall take possession of the land and settle in it, for I have given you the land to possess.54You shall apportion the land by lot according to your clans; to a large one you shall give a large inheritance, and to a small one you shall give a small inheritance; the inheritance shall belong to the person on whom the lot falls; according to your ancestral tribes you shall inherit.55But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those whom you let remain shall be as barbs in your eyes and thorns in your sides; they shall trouble you in the land where you are settling.56And I will do to you as I thought to do to them.Chapter 34The Boundaries of the Land 1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites, and say to them: When you enter the land of Canaan (this is the land that shall fall to you for an inheritance, the land of Canaan, defined by its boundaries),3your south sector shall extend from the wilderness of Zin along the side of Edom. Your southern boundary shall begin from the end of the Dead Sea on the east;4your boundary shall turn south of the ascent of Akrabbim, and cross to Zin, and its outer limit shall be south of Kadesh-barnea; then it shall go on to Hazar-addar, and cross to Azmon;5the boundary shall turn from Azmon to the Wadi of Egypt, and its termination shall be at the Sea.6For the western boundary, you shall have the Great Sea and its coast; this shall be your western boundary.7This shall be your northern boundary: from the Great Sea you shall mark out your line to Mount Hor;8from Mount Hor you shall mark it out to Lebo-hamath, and the outer limit of the boundary shall be at Zedad;9then the boundary shall extend to Ziphron, and its end shall be at Hazar-enan; this shall be your northern boundary.10You shall mark out your eastern boundary from Hazar-enan to Shepham;11and the boundary shall continue down from Shepham to Riblah on the east side of Ain; and the boundary shall go down, and reach the eastern slope of the sea of Chinnereth;12and the boundary shall go down to the Jordan, and its end shall be at the Dead Sea. This shall be your land with its boundaries all around.13Moses commanded the Israelites, saying: This is the land that you shall inherit by lot, which the Lord has commanded to give to the nine tribes and to the half-tribe;14for the tribe of the Reubenites by their ancestral houses and the tribe of the Gadites by their ancestral houses have taken their inheritance, and also the half-tribe of Manasseh;15the two tribes and the half-tribe have taken their inheritance beyond the Jordan at Jericho eastward, toward the sunrise.Tribal Leaders 16The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:17These are the names of the men who shall apportion the land to you for inheritance: the priest Eleazar and Joshua son of Nun.18You shall take one leader of every tribe to apportion the land for inheritance.19These are the names of the men: Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh.20Of the tribe of the Simeonites, Shemuel son of Ammihud.21Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad son of Chislon.22Of the tribe of the Danites a leader, Bukki son of Jogli.23Of the Josephites: of the tribe of the Manassites a leader, Hanniel son of Ephod,24and of the tribe of the Ephraimites a leader, Kemuel son of Shiphtan.25Of the tribe of the Zebulunites a leader, Eli-zaphan son of Parnach.26Of the tribe of the Issacharites a leader, Paltiel son of Azzan.27And of the tribe of the Asherites a leader, Ahihud son of Shelomi.28Of the tribe of the Naphtalites a leader, Pedahel son of Ammihud.29These were the ones whom the Lord commanded to apportion the inheritance for the Israelites in the land of Canaan.Chapter 35Cities for the Levites 1In the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, the Lord spoke to Moses, saying:2Command the Israelites to give, from the inheritance that they possess, towns for the Levites to live in; you shall also give to the Levites pasture lands surrounding the towns.3The towns shall be theirs to live in, and their pasture lands shall be for their cattle, for their livestock, and for all their animals.4The pasture lands of the towns, which you shall give to the Levites, shall reach from the wall of the town outward a thousand cubits all around.5You shall measure, outside the town, for the east side two thousand cubits, for the south side two thousand cubits, for the west side two thousand cubits, and for the north side two thousand cubits, with the town in the middle; this shall belong to them as pasture land for their towns.6The towns that you give to the Levites shall include the six cities of refuge, where you shall permit a slayer to flee, and in addition to them you shall give forty-two towns.7The towns that you give to the Levites shall total forty-eight, with their pasture lands.8And as for the towns that you shall give from the possession of the Israelites, from the larger tribes you shall take many, and from the smaller tribes you shall take few; each, in proportion to the inheritance that it obtains, shall give of its towns to the Levites.Cities of Refuge 9The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:10Speak to the Israelites, and say to them: When you cross the Jordan into the land of Canaan,11then you shall select cities to be cities of refuge for you, so that a slayer who kills a person without intent may flee there.12The cities shall be for you a refuge from the avenger, so that the slayer may not die until there is a trial before the congregation.13The cities that you designate shall be six cities of refuge for you:14you shall designate three cities beyond the Jordan, and three cities in the land of Canaan, to be cities of refuge.15These six cities shall serve as refuge for the Israelites, for the resident or transient alien among them, so that anyone who kills a person without intent may flee there.Concerning Murder and Blood Revenge 16But anyone who strikes another with an iron object, and death ensues, is a murderer; the murderer shall be put to death.17Or anyone who strikes another with a stone in hand that could cause death, and death ensues, is a murderer; the murderer shall be put to death.18Or anyone who strikes another with a weapon of wood in hand that could cause death, and death ensues, is a murderer; the murderer shall be put to death.19The avenger of blood is the one who shall put the murderer to death; when they meet, the avenger of blood shall execute the sentence.20Likewise, if someone pushes another from hatred, or hurls something at another, lying in wait, and death ensues,21or in enmity strikes another with the hand, and death ensues, then the one who struck the blow shall be put to death; that person is a murderer; the avenger of blood shall put the murderer to death, when they meet.22But if someone pushes another suddenly without enmity, or hurls any object without lying in wait,23or, while handling any stone that could cause death, unintentionally drops it on another and death ensues, though they were not enemies, and no harm was intended,24then the congregation shall judge between the slayer and the avenger of blood, in accordance with these ordinances;25and the congregation shall rescue the slayer from the avenger of blood. Then the congregation shall send the slayer back to the original city of refuge. The slayer shall live in it until the death of the high priest who was anointed with the holy oil.26But if the slayer shall at any time go outside the bounds of the original city of refuge,27and is found by the avenger of blood outside the bounds of the city of refuge, and is killed by the avenger, no bloodguilt shall be incurred.28For the slayer must remain in the city of refuge until the death of the high priest; but after the death of the high priest the slayer may return home.29These things shall be a statute and ordinance for you throughout your generations wherever you live.30If anyone kills another, the murderer shall be put to death on the evidence of witnesses; but no one shall be put to death on the testimony of a single witness.31Moreover you shall accept no ransom for the life of a murderer who is subject to the death penalty; a murderer must be put to death.32Nor shall you accept ransom for one who has fled to a city of refuge, enabling the fugitive to return to live in the land before the death of the high priest.33You shall not pollute the land in which you live; for blood pollutes the land, and no expiation can be made for the land, for the blood that is shed in it, except by the blood of the one who shed it.34You shall not defile the land in which you live, in which I also dwell; for I the Lord dwell among the Israelites.Chapter 36Marriage of Female Heirs 1The heads of the ancestral houses of the clans of the descendants of Gilead son of Machir son of Manasseh, of the Josephite clans, came forward and spoke in the presence of Moses and the leaders, the heads of the ancestral houses of the Israelites;2they said, “The Lord commanded my lord to give the land for inheritance by lot to the Israelites; and my lord was commanded by the Lord to give the inheritance of our brother Zelophehad to his daughters.3But if they are married into another Israelite tribe, then their inheritance will be taken from the inheritance of our ancestors and added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they marry; so it will be taken away from the allotted portion of our inheritance.4And when the jubilee of the Israelites comes, then their inheritance will be added to the inheritance of the tribe into which they have married; and their inheritance will be taken from the inheritance of our ancestral tribe.”5Then Moses commanded the Israelites according to the word of the Lord, saying, “The descendants of the tribe of Joseph are right in what they are saying.6This is what the Lord commands concerning the daughters of Zelophehad, ‘Let them marry whom they think best; only it must be into a clan of their father's tribe that they are married,7so that no inheritance of the Israelites shall be transferred from one tribe to another; for all Israelites shall retain the inheritance of their ancestral tribes.8Every daughter who possesses an inheritance in any tribe of the Israelites shall marry one from the clan of her father's tribe, so that all Israelites may continue to possess their ancestral inheritance.9No inheritance shall be transferred from one tribe to another; for each of the tribes of the Israelites shall retain its own inheritance.’ ”10The daughters of Zelophehad did as the Lord had commanded Moses.11Mahlah, Tirzah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Noah, the daughters of Zelophehad, married sons of their father's brothers.12They were married into the clans of the descendants of Manasseh son of Joseph, and their inheritance remained in the tribe of their father's clan.13These are the commandments and the ordinances that the Lord commanded through Moses to the Israelites in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho.