Spies Sent into Canaan
1The Lord said to Moses,2“Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites; from each of their ancestral tribes you shall send a man, every one a leader among them.”3So Moses sent them from the wilderness of Paran, according to the command of the Lord, all of them leading men among the Israelites.4These were their names: From the tribe of Reuben, Shammua son of Zaccur;5from the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat son of Hori;6from the tribe of Judah, Caleb son of Jephunneh;7from the tribe of Issachar, Igal son of Joseph;8from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea son of Nun;9from the tribe of Benjamin, Palti son of Raphu;10from the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel son of Sodi;11from the tribe of Joseph (that is, from the tribe of Manasseh), Gaddi son of Susi;12from the tribe of Dan, Ammiel son of Gemalli;13from the tribe of Asher, Sethur son of Michael;14from the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi son of Vophsi;15from the tribe of Gad, Geuel son of Machi.16These were the names of the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses changed the name of Hoshea son of Nun to Joshua.17Moses sent them to spy out the land of Canaan, and said to them, “Go up there into the Negeb, and go up into the hill country,18and see what the land is like, and whether the people who live in it are strong or weak, whether they are few or many,19and whether the land they live in is good or bad, and whether the towns that they live in are unwalled or fortified,20and whether the land is rich or poor, and whether there are trees in it or not. Be bold, and bring some of the fruit of the land.” Now it was the season of the first ripe grapes.21So they went up and spied out the land from the wilderness of Zin to Rehob, near Lebo-hamath.22They went up into the Negeb, and came to Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the Anakites, were there. (Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.)23And they came to the Wadi Eshcol, and cut down from there a branch with a single cluster of grapes, and they carried it on a pole between two of them. They also brought some pomegranates and figs.24That place was called the Wadi Eshcol, because of the cluster that the Israelites cut down from there.The Report of the Spies
25At the end of forty days they returned from spying out the land.26And they came to Moses and Aaron and to all the congregation of the Israelites in the wilderness of Paran, at Kadesh; they brought back word to them and to all the congregation, and showed them the fruit of the land.27And they told him, “We came to the land to which you sent us; it flows with milk and honey, and this is its fruit.28Yet the people who live in the land are strong, and the towns are fortified and very large; and besides, we saw the descendants of Anak there.29The Amalekites live in the land of the Negeb; the Hittites, the Jebusites, and the Amorites live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the sea, and along the Jordan.”30But Caleb quieted the people before Moses, and said, “Let us go up at once and occupy it, for we are well able to overcome it.”31Then the men who had gone up with him said, “We are not able to go up against this people, for they are stronger than we.”32So they brought to the Israelites an unfavorable report of the land that they had spied out, saying, “The land that we have gone through as spies is a land that devours its inhabitants; and all the people that we saw in it are of great size.33There we saw the Nephilim (the Anakites come from the Nephilim); and to ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.”Chapter 14The People Rebel
1Then all the congregation raised a loud cry, and the people wept that night.2And all the Israelites complained against Moses and Aaron; the whole congregation said to them, “Would that we had died in the land of Egypt! Or would that we had died in this wilderness!3Why is the Lord bringing us into this land to fall by the sword? Our wives and our little ones will become booty; would it not be better for us to go back to Egypt?”4So they said to one another, “Let us choose a captain, and go back to Egypt.”5Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the Israelites.6And Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh, who were among those who had spied out the land, tore their clothes7and said to all the congregation of the Israelites, “The land that we went through as spies is an exceedingly good land.8If the Lord is pleased with us, he will bring us into this land and give it to us, a land that flows with milk and honey.9Only, do not rebel against the Lord; and do not fear the people of the land, for they are no more than bread for us; their protection is removed from them, and the Lord is with us; do not fear them.”10But the whole congregation threatened to stone them.
Then the glory of the Lord appeared at the tent of meeting to all the Israelites.11And the Lord said to Moses, “How long will this people despise me? And how long will they refuse to believe in me, in spite of all the signs that I have done among them?12I will strike them with pestilence and disinherit them, and I will make of you a nation greater and mightier than they.”Moses Intercedes for the People
13But Moses said to the Lord, “Then the Egyptians will hear of it, for in your might you brought up this people from among them,14and they will tell the inhabitants of this land. They have heard that you, O Lord, are in the midst of this people; for you, O Lord, are seen face to face, and your cloud stands over them and you go in front of them, in a pillar of cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night.15Now if you kill this people all at one time, then the nations who have heard about you will say,16‘It is because the Lord was not able to bring this people into the land he swore to give them that he has slaughtered them in the wilderness.’17And now, therefore, let the power of the Lord be great in the way that you promised when you spoke, saying,18‘The Lord is slow to anger,
and abounding in steadfast love,
forgiving iniquity and transgression,
but by no means clearing the guilty,
visiting the iniquity of the parents
upon the children
to the third and the fourth generation.’19Forgive the iniquity of this people according to the greatness of your steadfast love, just as you have pardoned this people, from Egypt even until now.”20Then the Lord said, “I do forgive, just as you have asked;21nevertheless—as I live, and as all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the Lord—22none of the people who have seen my glory and the signs that I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and yet have tested me these ten times and have not obeyed my voice,23shall see the land that I swore to give to their ancestors; none of those who despised me shall see it.24But my servant Caleb, because he has a different spirit and has followed me wholeheartedly, I will bring into the land into which he went, and his descendants shall possess it.25Now, since the Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the valleys, turn tomorrow and set out for the wilderness by the way to the Red Sea.”An Attempted Invasion is Repulsed
26And the Lord spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying:27How long shall this wicked congregation complain against me? I have heard the complaints of the Israelites, which they complain against me.28Say to them, “As I live,” says the Lord, “I will do to you the very things I heard you say:29your dead bodies shall fall in this very wilderness; and of all your number, included in the census, from twenty years old and upward, who have complained against me,30not one of you shall come into the land in which I swore to settle you, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.31But your little ones, who you said would become booty, I will bring in, and they shall know the land that you have despised.32But as for you, your dead bodies shall fall in this wilderness.33And your children shall be shepherds in the wilderness for forty years, and shall suffer for your faithlessness, until the last of your dead bodies lies in the wilderness.34According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, forty days, for every day a year, you shall bear your iniquity, forty years, and you shall know my displeasure.”35I the Lord have spoken; surely I will do thus to all this wicked congregation gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall come to a full end, and there they shall die.36And the men whom Moses sent to spy out the land, who returned and made all the congregation complain against him by bringing a bad report about the land—37the men who brought an unfavorable report about the land died by a plague before the Lord.38But Joshua son of Nun and Caleb son of Jephunneh alone remained alive, of those men who went to spy out the land.39When Moses told these words to all the Israelites, the people mourned greatly.40They rose early in the morning and went up to the heights of the hill country, saying, “Here we are. We will go up to the place that the Lord has promised, for we have sinned.”41But Moses said, “Why do you continue to transgress the command of the Lord? That will not succeed.42Do not go up, for the Lord is not with you; do not let yourselves be struck down before your enemies.43For the Amalekites and the Canaanites will confront you there, and you shall fall by the sword; because you have turned back from following the Lord, the Lord will not be with you.”44But they presumed to go up to the heights of the hill country, even though the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and Moses, had not left the camp.45Then the Amalekites and the Canaanites who lived in that hill country came down and defeated them, pursuing them as far as Hormah.