The members of the phylum Annelida as well as the larvae of numerous insects. Most biblical references are probably to larvae or maggots because of their association with death and decay (Job 7:5; Job 21:26; Isa 14:11; Acts 12:23; Mark 9:48). Such a creature assaulted the vine of Jonah (Jonah 4:7), and its appetite for wool is a metaphor for destruction visited on those who oppose God’s people (Isa 51:8).

Job 7:5

5My flesh is clothed with worms and dirt;
my skin hardens, then breaks out again.

Job 21:26

26They lie down alike in the dust,
and the worms cover them.

Isa 14:11

11Your pomp is brought down to Sheol,
and the sound of your harps;
maggots are the bed beneath you,
and worms are your covering.

Acts 12:23

23And immediately, because he had not given the glory to God, an angel of the Lord struck him down, and he was eaten by worms and died.

Mark 9:48

48where their worm never dies, and the fire is never quenched.

Jonah 4:7

7But when dawn came up the next day, God appointed a worm that attacked the bush, so that it withered.

Isa 51:8

8For the moth will eat them up like a garment,
and the worm will eat them like wool;
but my deliverance will be forever,
and my salvation to all generations.

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