One who practices such things as magic, sorcery, divination, or necromancy. The word can refer to either a male or female. Israel was forbidden to consult them (Lev 19:31; Isa 8:19). They were banned as early as the reign of Saul in the late eleventh century BCE (1Sam 28:3), although Saul did consult a female diviner to raise up the ghost of Samuel (1Sam 28:9). King Josiah (639–609 BCE) banned them (2Kgs 23:24) after they had gained a foothold in the reign of Manasseh (697–642 BCE; 2Kgs 21:6).

Lev 19:31

31Do not turn to mediums or wizards; do not seek them out, to be defiled by them: I am the Lord your God.

Isa 8:19

19Now if people say to you, “Consult the ghosts and the familiar spirits that chirp and mutter; should not a people consult their gods, the dead on behalf of th ... View more

1Sam 28:3

Saul Consults a Medium
3Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had mourned for him and buried him in Ramah, his own city. Saul had expelled the mediums and the wiz ... View more

1Sam 28:9

9The woman said to him, “Surely you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off the mediums and the wizards from the land. Why then are you laying a snare for m ... View more

2Kgs 23:24

24Moreover Josiah put away the mediums, wizards, teraphim, idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, so that he esta ... View more

2Kgs 21:6

6He made his son pass through fire; he practiced soothsaying and augury, and dealt with mediums and with wizards. He did much evil in the sight of the Lord, pro ... View more

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