A large chunk of stone. In lands such as those of the Mediterranean basin, rocks are plentiful. They are a danger to ships when near shore (Acts 27:29), but on land they can be used as places of refuge for both animals (Prov 30:26) and human beings, to hide either from other human beings (1Sam 24:2) or from God (Isa 2:19; Isa 2:21). Moses used the cleft in a rock to protect himself from seeing God’s face, which would have cost him his life (Exod 33:20-23). It was by striking a rock at God’s bidding that Moses provided water for the Israelites in the desert (Exod 17:6). Paul later identified that rock with Christ to show that the Israelites had also been favored with participation in the sacraments (1Cor 10:4). Jesus spoke of rocks that hindered agriculture (Mark 4:5-6) and of a rock whose firmness resembled the foundation upon which those people built who accepted what he said (Matt 7:24-25). He resisted Satan’s temptation to turn rocks into bread to satisfy his own hunger (Matt 4:2-3) and identified Peter (whose name literally means “rock”) as the rock upon which his church would be built (Matt 16:18). Biblical faith often identified God as a rock (Deut 32:4; 2Sam 22:2; Ps 18:2; Ps 71:3).

Acts 27:29

29Fearing that we might run on the rocks, they let down four anchors from the stern and prayed for day to come.

Prov 30:26

26the badgers are a people without power,
yet they make their homes in the rocks;

1Sam 24:2

2Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to look for David and his men in the direction of the Rocks of the Wild Goats.

Isa 2:19

19Enter the caves of the rocks
and the holes of the ground,
from the terror of the Lord,
and from the glory of his majesty,
when he rises to terrify the earth.

Isa 2:21

21to enter the caverns of the rocks
and the clefts in the crags,
from the terror of the Lord,
and from the glory of his majesty,
when he rises to terrify the ea ... View more

Exod 33:20-23

20But,” he said, “you cannot see my face; for no one shall see me and live.”21And the Lord continued, “See, there is a place by me where you shall stand on the ... View more

Exod 17:6

6I will be standing there in front of you on the rock at Horeb. Strike the rock, and water will come out of it, so that the people may drink.” Moses did so, in ... View more

1Cor 10:4

4and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank from the spiritual rock that followed them, and the rock was Christ.

Mark 4:5-6

5Other seed fell on rocky ground, where it did not have much soil, and it sprang up quickly, since it had no depth of soil.6And when the sun rose, it was scorch ... View more

Matt 7:24-25

Hearers and Doers
24“Everyone then who hears these words of mine and acts on them will be like a wise man who built his house on rock.25The rain fell, the flood ... View more

Matt 4:2-3

2He fasted forty days and forty nights, and afterwards he was famished.3The tempter came and said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command these stones to be ... View more

Matt 16:18

18And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it.

Deut 32:4

4The Rock, his work is perfect,
and all his ways are just.
A faithful God, without deceit,
just and upright is he;

2Sam 22:2

2He said:
The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer,

Ps 18:2

2The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer,
my God, my rock in whom I take refuge,
my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.

Ps 71:3

3Be to me a rock of refuge,
a strong fortress, to save me,
for you are my rock and my fortress.

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