An acorn-bearing tree noted for its great size. The evergreen Palestinian oak has small leathery leaves edged with tiny thorns. Forests of oak once dominated the biblical landscape in the area of Bashan (Ezek 27:6; Zech 11:2), Gilead and parts of Edom, upper Galilee, and Carmel. The Plain of Sharon was at one time covered with an impenetrable Tabor oak forest, which was compared with the lush forests of Carmel and Lebanon (Isa 33:9; Isa 35:2). In the Bible, the oak is associated with worship (Gen 13:18), sacrificial offerings (Hos 4:13), long life (Isa 6:13), death (the Absalom passage, (2Sam 18:9-10, 2Sam 18:14), and sanctuaries (“the oak in the sanctuary of the Lord” at Shechem, Josh 24:26).

Ezek 27:6

6From oaks of Bashan
they made your oars;
they made your deck of pines
from the coasts of Cyprus,
inlaid with ivory.

Zech 11:2

2Wail, O cypress, for the cedar has fallen,
for the glorious trees are ruined!
Wail, oaks of Bashan,
for the thick forest has been felled!

Isa 33:9

9The land mourns and languishes;
Lebanon is confounded and withers away;
Sharon is like a desert;
and Bashan and Carmel shake off their leaves.

Isa 35:2

2it shall blossom abundantly,
and rejoice with joy and singing.
The glory of Lebanon shall be given to it,
the majesty of Carmel and Sharon.
They shall see the ... View more

Gen 13:18

18So Abram moved his tent, and came and settled by the oaks of Mamre, which are at Hebron; and there he built an altar to the Lord.

Hos 4:13

13They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains,
and make offerings upon the hills,
under oak, poplar, and terebinth,
because their shade is good.

Therefore your ... View more

Isa 6:13

13Even if a tenth part remain in it,
it will be burned again,
like a terebinth or an oak
whose stump remains standing
when it is felled.”
The holy seed is its s ... View more

2Sam 18:9-10

9Absalom happened to meet the servants of David. Absalom was riding on his mule, and the mule went under the thick branches of a great oak. His head caught fast ... View more

2Sam 18:14

14Joab said, “I will not waste time like this with you.” He took three spears in his hand, and thrust them into the heart of Absalom, while he was still alive i ... View more

Josh 24:26

26Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law of God; and he took a large stone, and set it up there under the oak in the sanctuary of the Lord.

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