A scented ointment or perfume imported from the Himalayas in alabaster boxes and opened on special occasions (Song 1:12, Song 4:13-14). In the NT it is its expense (approximately one year’s wages) that is emphasized (Mark 14:3-5; John 12:3-5).

Song 1:12

12While the king was on his couch,
my nard gave forth its fragrance.

Song 4:13-14

13Your channel is an orchard of pomegranates
with all choicest fruits,
henna with nard,14nard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon,
with all trees of frankincense, ... View more

Mark 14:3-5

The Anointing at Bethany
3While he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at the table, a woman came with an alabaster jar of very costly oin ... View more

John 12:3-5

3Mary took a pound of costly perfume made of pure nard, anointed Jesus' feet, and wiped them with her hair. The house was filled with the fragrance of the perfu ... View more

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