Indications of property boundaries, whether erected (as boundary stones) or natural and recognized by mutual agreement. They were not to be moved (Deut 19:14; Deut 27:17) and doing so was a symbol of irresponsible deceit (Hos 5:10), greed (Job 24:2), and abuse (Prov 23:10). This biblical respect for ancestral property reflected similar concern in Babylonian, Egyptian, and later, Greek and Roman law. International markers were frequently elaborately inscribed stones.

Deut 19:14

Property Boundaries
14You must not move your neighbor's boundary marker, set up by former generations, on the property that will be allotted to you in the land ... View more

Deut 27:17

17“Cursed be anyone who moves a neighbor's boundary marker.” All the people shall say, “Amen!”

Hos 5:10

10The princes of Judah have become
like those who remove the landmark;
on them I will pour out
my wrath like water.

Job 24:2

2The wicked remove landmarks;
they seize flocks and pasture them.

Prov 23:10

10Do not remove an ancient landmark
or encroach on the fields of orphans,

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