A term occurring in the Hebrew Bible nearly 1,750 times (NRSV) and usually referring to a specific geographical region (e.g., “the land of Araral,” 2Kgs 19:37) or the territory of a specific people (e.g., “land of the Kenites,” Gen 15:19). In many instances, however, the land referred to is the land promised to and occupied by Israel (Gen 12:1; Josh 13:1-7). Yahweh, sole owner of the whole earth (Lev 25:23; Ps 24:1), had given the land of Canaan to Israel as a fulfillment of his promise to Abraham and his descendants (Exod 6:1-4; Deut 6:10; Deut 6:18). Deuteronomy in particular emphasizes the land as gift (Deut 8:7-9; Deut 9:4-6), but also warns that Israel may forfeit the land if the nation fails to live in obedience. The historical narratives (Joshua, Judges, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 King) and many prophetic texts treat the story of Israel as an interplay between faithfulness to God and security in the land. In the NT, the concept of the land appears less frequently, but one of Jesus’s Beatitudes calls the meek blessed, “for they shall inherit the earth/land” (Matt 5:5). A certain spiritualization of OT land motifs in the NT is evident in the Letter to the Hebrews (Heb 11:8-16; Heb 11:38-40).

2Kgs 19:37

37As he was worshiping in the house of his god Nisroch, his sons Adrammelech and Sharezer killed him with the sword, and they escaped into the land of Ararat. H ... View more

Gen 15:19

19the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites,

Gen 12:1

The Call of Abram
1Now the Lord said to Abram, “Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you.

Josh 13:1-7

The Parts of Canaan Still Unconquered
1Now Joshua was old and advanced in years; and the Lord said to him, “You are old and advanced in years, and very much of ... View more

Lev 25:23

23The land shall not be sold in perpetuity, for the land is mine; with me you are but aliens and tenants.

Ps 24:1

Entrance into the Temple
Of David. A Psalm.
1The earth is the Lord's and all that is in it,
the world, and those who live in it;

Exod 6:1-4

Israel's Deliverance Assured
1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh: Indeed, by a mighty hand he will let them go; by a migh ... View more

Deut 6:10

Caution against Disobedience
10When the Lord your God has brought you into the land that he swore to your ancestors, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give ... View more

Deut 6:18

18Do what is right and good in the sight of the Lord, so that it may go well with you, and so that you may go in and occupy the good land that the Lord swore to ... View more

Deut 8:7-9

7For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land, a land with flowing streams, with springs and underground waters welling up in valleys and hills,8a lan ... View more

Deut 9:4-6

4When the Lord your God thrusts them out before you, do not say to yourself, “It is because of my righteousness that the Lord has brought me in to occupy this l ... View more

Matt 5:5

5“Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.

Heb 11:8-16

The Faith of Abraham
8By faith Abraham obeyed when he was called to set out for a place that he was to receive as an inheritance; and he set out, not knowing wh ... View more

Heb 11:38-40

38of whom the world was not worthy. They wandered in deserts and mountains, and in caves and holes in the ground.39Yet all these, though they were commended for ... View more

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