lampstand (Heb. menorah)

An object that supported one or more oil lamps. Although such stands could be made of stone, pottery, or wood, the biblical passages dealing with lampstands, with one exception (2Kgs 4:10), present golden lampstands intended for ritual usage. Four successive lampstand traditions can be identified. First, the tabernacle texts describe a single golden lampstand composed of a central, cylindrical stand with three pairs of branches and elaborate floral decorations (Exod 25:31-40; Exod 37:17-24). Second, ten golden lampstands (1Kgs 7:49), for which no branches are specified, stood in the Solomonic Temple. Third, the rebuilt Temple of the late sixth century evidently resumed the single lampstand tradition (Zech 4:1-6; Zech 11-14:1). Fourth, the apocalyptic vision in the book of Revelation expands the single golden lampstand to seven (Rev 1:12-13), although in (Rev 11:4) two lampstands are suggested to match the two trees that flank the stands in (Zech 4:11).

2Kgs 4:10

10Let us make a small roof chamber with walls, and put there for him a bed, a table, a chair, and a lamp, so that he can stay there whenever he comes to us.”

Exod 25:31-40

The Lampstand
31You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The base and the shaft of the lampstand shall be made of hammered work; its cups, its calyxes, and its ... View more

Exod 37:17-24

Making the Lampstand
17He also made the lampstand of pure gold. The base and the shaft of the lampstand were made of hammered work; its cups, its calyxes, and i ... View more

1Kgs 7:49

49the lampstands of pure gold, five on the south side and five on the north, in front of the inner sanctuary; the flowers, the lamps, and the tongs, of gold;

Zech 4:1-6

Fifth Vision: The Lampstand and Olive Trees
1The angel who talked with me came again, and wakened me, as one is wakened from sleep.2He said to me, “What do you ... View more

Zech 11-14:1

1Open your doors, O Lebanon,
so that fire may devour your cedars!2Wail, O cypress, for the cedar has fallen,
for the glorious trees are ruined!
Wail, oaks of Ba ... View more

Rev 1:12-13

12Then I turned to see whose voice it was that spoke to me, and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands,13and in the midst of the lampstands I saw one like the ... View more

Rev 11:4

4These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands that stand before the Lord of the earth.

Zech 4:11

11Then I said to him, “What are these two olive trees on the right and the left of the lampstand?”

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