Historically probably Gyges, a seventh-century BCE king of Lydia. Whatever his origin, he has been transformed in (Ezek 38-39) into an apocalyptic figure who marches from the north (Ezek 38:6; Ezek 38:15; Ezek 39:2) and ravages Israel before being destroyed by God (Ezek 38:19-22; Ezek 39:3-5). The sources for the description of Gog’s attack and defeat include Jeremiah’s “enemy from the north” (Jer 1:14; Jer 4:6; Jer 6:1; Jer 6:22; Jer 10:22; Jer 13:20) and the Isaianic motif of the destruction of Israel’s foes on the mountains of Israel (Isa 14:24-25; Isa 17:12-14; Isa 31:8-9). Gog reappears in the NT (Rev 20:8) paired with Magog; in (Ezek 38:2) Magog is probably equivalent to a phrase in the Akkadian language meaning “land of Gog.”

Ezek 38-39

Invasion by Gog
1The word of the Lord came to me:2Mortal, set your face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Prophesy agains ... View more

Ezek 38:6

6Gomer and all its troops; Beth-togarmah from the remotest parts of the north with all its troops—many peoples are with you.

Ezek 38:15

15and come from your place out of the remotest parts of the north, you and many peoples with you, all of them riding on horses, a great horde, a mighty army;

Ezek 39:2

2I will turn you around and drive you forward, and bring you up from the remotest parts of the north, and lead you against the mountains of Israel.

Ezek 38:19-22

19For in my jealousy and in my blazing wrath I declare: On that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;20the fish of the sea, and the birds of ... View more

Ezek 39:3-5

3I will strike your bow from your left hand, and will make your arrows drop out of your right hand.4You shall fall upon the mountains of Israel, you and all you ... View more

Jer 1:14

14Then the Lord said to me: Out of the north disaster shall break out on all the inhabitants of the land.

Jer 4:6

6Raise a standard toward Zion,
flee for safety, do not delay,
for I am bringing evil from the north,
and a great destruction.

Jer 6:1

The Imminence and Horror of the Invasion
1Flee for safety, O children of Benjamin,
from the midst of Jerusalem!
Blow the trumpet in Tekoa,
and raise a signal on ... View more

Jer 6:22

22Thus says the Lord:
See, a people is coming from the land of the north,
a great nation is stirring from the farthest parts of the earth.

Jer 10:22

22Hear, a noise! Listen, it is coming—
a great commotion from the land of the north
to make the cities of Judah a desolation,
a lair of jackals.

Jer 13:20

20Lift up your eyes and see
those who come from the north.
Where is the flock that was given you,
your beautiful flock?

Isa 14:24-25

An Oracle concerning Assyria
24The Lord of hosts has sworn:
As I have designed,
so shall it be;
and as I have planned,
so shall it come to pass:25I will break t ... View more

Isa 17:12-14

12Ah, the thunder of many peoples,
they thunder like the thundering of the sea!
Ah, the roar of nations,
they roar like the roaring of mighty waters!13The natio ... View more

Isa 31:8-9

8“Then the Assyrian shall fall by a sword, not of mortals;
and a sword, not of humans, shall devour him;
he shall flee from the sword,
and his young men shall b ... View more

Rev 20:8

8and will come out to deceive the nations at the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, in order to gather them for battle; they are as numerous as the sands ... View more

Ezek 38:2

2Mortal, set your face toward Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. Prophesy against him

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