A device for execution by hanging. Most gallows comprise a platform from which a vertical support ascends to anchor a horizontal arm from which the strangling rope descends. Biblical law made no provision for such a form of execution, and it figures exclusively in the book of Esther, where Haman and others are hanged in accord with Persian law (Esth 2:23, Esth 5:14, Esth 6:4, Esth 7:9-10, Esth 8:7, Esth 9:13, Esth 9:25).

Esth 2:23

23When the affair was investigated and found to be so, both the men were hanged on the gallows. It was recorded in the book of the annals in the presence of the ... View more

Esth 5:14

14Then his wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, “Let a gallows fifty cubits high be made, and in the morning tell the king to have Mordecai hanged on it ... View more

Esth 6:4

4The king said, “Who is in the court?” Now Haman had just entered the outer court of the king's palace to speak to the king about having Mordecai hanged on the ... View more

Esth 7:9-10

9Then Harbona, one of the eunuchs in attendance on the king, said, “Look, the very gallows that Haman has prepared for Mordecai, whose word saved the king, stan ... View more

Esth 8:7

7Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and to the Jew Mordecai, “See, I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him on the gallows, becaus ... View more

Esth 9:13

13Esther said, “If it pleases the king, let the Jews who are in Susa be allowed tomorrow also to do according to this day's edict, and let the ten sons of Haman ... View more

Esth 9:25

25but when Esther came before the king, he gave orders in writing that the wicked plot that he had devised against the Jews should come upon his own head, and t ... View more

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