A term denoted in the OT by words that mean “send away,” “cover,” “remove,” and “wipe away.” In the NT “send away” is used most often; forgiveness is also communicated by words that mean “loose” (Luke 6:37), “be gracious to” (Luke 7:43; 2Cor 2:7), and “pass over” (Rom 3:25). The OT system of worship provides sacrifices for expiating the guilt of those who have sinned unwittingly or repented of their sins (Lev 4-5). The prophets testify repeatedly that God desires to forgive human sins and asks for repentance (Isa 1:18-19; Hos 12:2-3; Joel 2:13) as a prerequisite for a renewed relationship between God and Israel. The NT continues this tradition of God’s mercy, indicating now that God forgives sins through the death of Jesus (Rom 3:21-26; Rom 4:25; Mark 10:45; Gal 1:4; Acts 13:38). Members of the Christian community are also called to forgive each other’s sins (Matt 18:21-35; Luke 17:3; John 20:23; Jas 5:13-16).

Luke 6:37

Judging Others
37“Do not judge, and you will not be judged; do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven;

Luke 7:43

43Simon answered, “I suppose the one for whom he canceled the greater debt.” And Jesus said to him, “You have judged rightly.”

2Cor 2:7

7so now instead you should forgive and console him, so that he may not be overwhelmed by excessive sorrow.

Rom 3:25

25whom God put forward as a sacrifice of atonement by his blood, effective through faith. He did this to show his righteousness, because in his divine forbearan ... View more

Lev 4-5

Sin Offerings
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,2Speak to the people of Israel, saying: When anyone sins unintentionally in any of the Lord's commandments about ... View more

Isa 1:18-19

18Come now, let us argue it out,
says the Lord:
though your sins are like scarlet,
they shall be like snow;
though they are red like crimson,
they shall become ... View more

Hos 12:2-3

The Long History of Rebellion
2The Lord has an indictment against Judah,
and will punish Jacob according to his ways,
and repay him according to his deeds.3In t ... View more

Joel 2:13

13rend your hearts and not your clothing.
Return to the Lord, your God,
for he is gracious and merciful,
slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love,
and rel ... View more

Rom 3:21-26

Righteousness through Faith
21But now, apart from law, the righteousness of God has been disclosed, and is attested by the law and the prophets,22the righteousn ... View more

Rom 4:25

25who was handed over to death for our trespasses and was raised for our justification.

Mark 10:45

45For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.”

Gal 1:4

4who gave himself for our sins to set us free from the present evil age, according to the will of our God and Father,

Acts 13:38

38Let it be known to you therefore, my brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you;

Matt 18:21-35

21Then Peter came and said to him, “Lord, if another member of the church sins against me, how often should I forgive? As many as seven times?”22Jes ... View more

Luke 17:3

3Be on your guard! If another disciple sins, you must rebuke the offender, and if there is repentance, you must forgive.

John 20:23

23If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

Jas 5:13-16

The Prayer of Faith
13Are any among you suffering? They should pray. Are any cheerful? They should sing songs of praise.14Are any among you sick? They should ca ... View more

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