ephod (Ee´fod)

The most prominent of the elaborate Aaronite garments described in the tabernacle texts (Exod 28; Exod 39); it designates the only article of priestly apparel that plays a significant role in texts other than the priestly writings contained in the Pentateuch. A “linen” ephod appears in stories of Samuel (1Sam 2:18; 1Sam 22:18) and David (2Sam 6:14; 1Chr 15:27), and an ephod linked with teraphim is found in Judg 17-18 (Hos 3:4; Isa 30:22).

Exod 28

Vestments for the Priesthood
1Then bring near to you your brother Aaron, and his sons with him, from among the Israelites, to serve me as priests—Aaron and Aaro ... View more

Exod 39

Making the Vestments for the Priesthood
1Of the blue, purple, and crimson yarns they made finely worked vestments, for ministering in the holy place; they made ... View more

1Sam 2:18

The Child Samuel at Shiloh
18Samuel was ministering before the Lord, a boy wearing a linen ephod.

1Sam 22:18

18Then the king said to Doeg, “You, Doeg, turn and attack the priests.” Doeg the Edomite turned and attacked the priests; on that day he killed eighty-five who ... View more

2Sam 6:14

14David danced before the Lord with all his might; David was girded with a linen ephod.

1Chr 15:27

27David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as also were all the Levites who were carrying the ark, and the singers, and Chenaniah the leader of the music of ... View more

Judg 17-18

Micah and the Levite
1There was a man in the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Micah.2He said to his mother, “The eleven hundred pieces of silver that were ... View more

Hos 3:4

4For the Israelites shall remain many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or pillar, without ephod or teraphim.

Isa 30:22

22Then you will defile your silver-covered idols and your gold-plated images. You will scatter them like filthy rags; you will say to them, “Away with you!”

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